Explore Institute of Organ Transplant & Research is working with various Cancer Research Group with China, India, Canada, USA and Australia. We have participated more than 12 international Health Research Programs.
THE ORGAN TRANSPLANT PROCESS
Organ transplantation is the process of surgically transferring a donated organ to someone diagnosed with organ failure. Many diseases can lead to organ failure, including heart disease, diabetes, hepatitis, cystic fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Injury and birth defects may also cause organ failure.
STEPS FOR GETTING ON THE ORGAN TRANSPLANT
1. Get a Referral
You must get a referral from your physician in order to be evaluated by a transplant program as a potential transplant candidate. 2. Gather Information
There's a lot to learn about the transplantation process, everything from where a patient can be listed, to financial considerations, to recovery. This free brochure, "What Every Patient Needs to Know ," from UNOS provides an overview of the process. 3. Select a Transplant Center
While you may be referred to a transplant center or program, you may also want to make sure that it meets your needs. Consider its location, compatibility with your insurance program, financial arrangements and support group availability. The OPTN has a list of member transplant centers. 4. Schedule an Evaluation Appointment
Contact the transplant hospital. Schedule an appointment for an evaluation to find out if you are a good candidate for transplant. During the evaluation, ask questions to learn as much as you can about that hospital and its transplant team. 5. Get Listed
If the transplant team members determine that you are a suitable transplant candidate, they will add you to the OPTN national waiting list of all people waiting for a transplant. The transplant team will contact you in writing about 10 days after you are listed to let you know the date and time that your name was added to the national list. Any questions you have about your status on the waiting list should be directed to your transplant team at your transplant center.
Be a Partner in Your Follow-up Care:
Even years after surgery, doctors will continue to monitor the health status of both your transplanted organ and your whole body. Laboratory tests are a regular part of a transplant recipient's life. Understanding the purposes of the tests can make it easier to follow specific instructions and get accurate results. Talk to your transplant team about what ongoing monitoring will be needed, how much can be done at home, and what will require visits to the transplant center or other locations.
Rejection and Anti-Rejection Medications:
Rejection is the body's way of protecting itself against a foreign invader such as infectious germs. Rejection can happen when the body sees the transplanted organ or tissue as a foreign invader and attempts to destroy it. There are two types of rejection, acute and chronic. Acute rejection happens very quickly; chronic rejection is the slow failure of a donated organ to function. Immunosuppressant (or anti-rejection) medications that prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted organ are an important part of life after transplant surgery. In general, a suppressed immune system can be slower in defending against germs. Transplant recipients may be somewhat more vulnerable to infections and may find it more difficult to recover from certain infections and illnesses. This is especially true for the first 6 months after surgery but will remain an ongoing concern. You can protect your health by following good prevention practices to avoid illness and injury and by seeking treatment early when illness does occur.
Know Your Pharmacist:
Transplant recipients usually need to take an array of medications. Some will be new medications prescribed after transplant surgery. Some may be continued from before surgery. Certain medications may be taken several times a day while others are taken only on certain days. Transplant team doctors may have to change medications or adjust dosages every few days or weeks to find the best combination for maximum benefit and minimum side effects. In short, managing medications after transplant surgery can be complex and confusing. Selecting a good pharmacy and getting to know your pharmacist can help you understand your medications and manage your medication schedule. Pharmacists can help explain effects and side effects of medications. Sometimes they can recommend tools like timers and organizers to help you keep track of medications. The social worker at the transplant center should be able to provide a list of pharmacies to choose from. Pharmacy services and prices vary. If you are not limited to particular companies by your insurance, shop around for lower prices and for features such as home delivery, refill reminders, and ability to speak with a pharmacist directly by phone or in person.
Choosing a healthy lifestyle is as important for organ recipients as they are for everyone. Follow a low-fat diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking to promote the health of your new organ as well as the rest of your body. Your doctor and the transplant center dietician can help you develop a plan for healthy diet and appropriate exercise as you heal and transition to a normal healthy life.
- Eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. - Eat a minimum amount of salt, processed foods and snacks. - Use herbs and spices to add flavor, instead of salt. - Watch your food intake and drink plenty of water (unless you are told to limit fluids). - Try to eat high-fiber foods, such as raw vegetables and fruits, which make you feel full. - Add calcium to your diet by eating calcium-rich foods, such as low-fat dairy products and green, leafy vegetables or calcium supplements. - Eat as little fat and oil as possible. - Read food labels so that you can be smart when food shopping. - Become more aware of serving sizes that are listed on food labels. - Because protein helps you build muscles and tissue, which will help you heal, eat foods high in protein, such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, nuts (without salt) and beans.
Most people are weak after any surgery. Transplant recipients must recover both from the operation as well as the illness or injury that caused the need for a transplant. As a result, exercise and muscle strain should be limited when you first return home. Talk with your doctor about what to expect for physical reconditioning and any activity limitations or restrictions. As you start to feel better, regular exercise will help you regain your strength. Because you may feel tired at first, you should take rest breaks during exercise. Gradually, increase the amount and type of physical activity you enjoy. Enjoy life.
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